Surah Al-Falaq

Introduction:

Surah Al-Falaq is present in the 30th Parah of the Quran. Al-Falaq is an Arabic word that means “Dawn, Daybreak”. Surah Al-Falaq is 113 surah (chapter) of the Qur’an. This surah has five verses, 23 words, and 71 letters.

Place of Revelation

One view is that Surah Al-Falaq was revealed in Madinah and another statement is that it was revealed in Makkah. The first statement is more correct, which is supported by its glorious revelation.

Reason for naming the Falaq

The word Falaq has many meanings and here it means morning. Because the word “Falaq” is present in the first verse of this surah, for this reason, it is called Surah Al-Falaq.

Benefits Of Surah Al-Falaq

There are thousands of benefits of Quranic Surahs and Surat Al-Falaq is one of them. There are many benefits of Surah Al-Falaq, in which I will explain some benefits according to my knowledge.

  1. This surah is very useful for removing evil spirits.
  2. Whoever recites this Surah while sleeping at night and breathes on himself, insha’Allah, he will be safe from all kinds of fear and trouble.
  3. A child who is scared at night should recite this surah and breathe on water and drink it. InshaAllah, there will be no fear.
  4. This surah eliminates fear and removes the effect of external evil spirits.
  5. The one who recites this Surah is protected from all kinds of evil and oppression

Hadith about Surah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Nas

Many virtues of Surah Al-Falaq and Surah Al-Nas have been mentioned in the hadiths

It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Uqba bin Amir that there is a hadith of Muslim that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Do you not see that such verses have been revealed to me tonight, the like of which have not been seen? That verse is Qul a’uzoo bi rabbil-falaq, Min sharri ma khalaq, Wa min sharri ghasiqin iza waqab, Wa min sharrin-naffaa-saati fil ‘uqad, Wa min shar ri haasidin iza hasad and qul auzu bi rabbin nas, Malikin Naas, Ilaahin Naas, Min sharril was waasil khannaas, Al lazee yuwas wisu fee sudoorin Naas, Minal jinnati wan Naas.

Hazrat Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) said: There is a hadith of Tirmidhi that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to seek refuge from the evil eyes of humans and from the jinn. Until Surah Al-Falaq and Surah Al-Nas were revealed, then Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) started reciting these Surahs and gave up other wazaif besides them.

It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Abbas Johani (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Shall I not tell you the words which are the best in seeking refuge with Allah from the evil jinn and evil eye? He said, “Why don’t you ask the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)? You must tell us.” Those words are both Surahs ( Surah An-Naas and Surah Al-Falaq).

Surah Al-Falaq

The revelation of Surah Falaq and Surah Nas

This Surah and Surah Al-Nas which is after it was revealed at that time. While Labid ibn Asim the Jew and his daughters cast a spell on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and it affected the blessed body and external limbs of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), but it did not affect the heart, intellect, and belief. A few days later, Jabriel (peace be upon him) came and said that a Jew had cast a spell on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and all the magic was buried under a rock in a well. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sent Hazrat Ali al-Murtada (may Allah be pleased with him) and after drawing water from the well, he picked up a stone and found a bag made of the soft part of a palm tree under it.

The blessed hair of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) Which were recovered from the comb, and a few toothpicks of the Prophet’s comb, and a tour of the bow, which had eleven knots and a thin layer of wax in which eleven needles were chewed. All these things were taken out from under the stone. And he was brought to the service of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Allah Almighty revealed these two Surahs. There are eleven verses in these two surahs. Five verses in Surah Falaq and six in Surah Nas. With the recitation of each verse, one knot was untied until all the knots were untied and the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was completely healed.

A Shariah issue related to amulets and practices

One thing to keep in mind here is that amulets and practices which do not contain any word of disbelief
and polytheism are permissible, especially those deeds which are done from the verses of the Qur'an or 
are mentioned in the hadiths. It is narrated in a hadith that Hazrat Asma bint Umays (may Allah be pleased
with her) said: O Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) people take Jafar's children
 evil eye. Do i have permission? So act for them. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) 
gave permission.

Which Information obtained from the revelation of Surah Falaq and Surah Nas?

From this surah and its glorious revelation, four things are known:

1. Magic and its effect are true.

2. Magic can have an effect on the body of a Prophet (PBUH). Just as the effect of the sword, arrow, and spear is not against the glory of Prophethood, yes, it cannot be such an effect as to disrupt the affairs related to Prophethood.

3. The sorcerers eventually failed compared to Moses because there was a miracle contest with magic.

4. This magic also affected the idea of ​​Prophet Moses (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). That they thought that these sticks and ropes were running. As in the Qur’an, Translation: Due to the power of their magic, it seemed to Moses that she was running. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also had the same effect on the idea. Surahs and verses of the Qur’an can be used to eradicate tuna and its effects and diseases, as mentioned above, and there is a statement in Bukhari to use Surah Al-Fatihah for this purpose.

Subjects of Surah Al-Falaq

In this blessed Surah, it is taught to seek refuge in Allah from the evil of all creatures, from the evil of night darkness, from the evil of sorcerers and from the evil of the envious.

Consistency with Surah Ikhlas

This is the relevance of Surah Al-Falaq to its predecessor, Surah Al-Ikhlas. From which the Oneness of Allah Almighty was explained. And it has been said that those things which are not worthy of the glory of Allaah are pure from them. And in these two surahs, it is stated that one should seek refuge in Allah from every evil in the world, and one should seek refuge in Allah from the devils, jinns and humans who hinder people from the path of Allah.

Translation of Surah Al-Falaq

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ
Say, "I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak
مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ
From the evil of that which He created
وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ
And from the evil of darkness when it settles
وَمِن شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ
And from the evil of the blowers in knots
وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ
And from the evil of an envier when he envies.

In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

  • Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak
  • From the evil of that which He created
  • And from the evil of darkness when it settles
  • And from the evil of the blowers in knots
  • And from the evil of an envier when he envies.”

Tafseer of Surah Al-Falaq

  • Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak

Tafseer is in Sirat al-Janan. In seeking refuge, God is glorified. This attribute is mentioned with the Lord of the morning because God creates the morning and removes the darkness of the night. Let him be afraid, and let him be like the man who waits for the dawn in the dark night, and the man who is afraid waits for peace and tranquility. In the morning, it is time for the prayers of the compelled and helpless people to be accepted The meaning of the verse is that when the bereaved are relieved and the supplications are accepted, I seek refuge in the Creator of that time and there is another saying that Falaq is a valley in hell.

  • From the evil of that which He created

This verse seeks refuge from the evils of every creature, whether living or inanimate, obligated, or non-obligated. And some commentators have said that the creature here refers to the special devil, from whom there is no worse creature.

  • And from the evil of darkness when it settles

Tafseer is in Sirat al-Janan, It is narrated on the authority of Umm Al-Mumineen Hazrat Ayesha (may Allah be pleased with her) The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) looked at the new moon and said: O ‘Ayesha(may Allah be pleased with her), may Allah protect you from its evil. When it sinks, it goes dark. This refers to the last night of the month when the moon goes down, and the magic that is meant to make people sick is performed at the same time.

  • And from the evil of the blowers in knots

The commentary is in Sirat al-Janan, ie I seek refuge from the evil of the sorcerer women who tie knots in the strings and recite magic spells in them, as the girls of Labid used to cast spells on the Holy Prophet (PBUH) regarding amulets.

An important shar'i issue is to remember that it is haraam to use amulets for illegitimate acts,
while it is permissible to make goons for a legitimate purpose and tie knots on them. It is permissible to 
recite verses of the Holy Quran or the names of Allah Almighty. This is confirmed by the blessed deeds 
and instructions of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Therefore, it is narrated from Hazrat Ayesha (may Allah be pleased with her) that there is a hadith of
Muslim Sharif. She says that when someone from the house of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) fell 
ill, he would recite Surah Al-Falaq and Surah Nas and breathe on it.
  • And from the evil of an envier when he envies.

The commentary is in Sirat al-Janan. The envious one is the one who desires to take away the blessings of others. Here it refers specifically to the Jews who were jealous of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). In general, this blessed verse is enough to protect you from every envious person. Jealousy is the worst attribute and it is the first sin. It happened from the satan, And in the land from Kabul. From this Surah, we learn that magic and jealousy are the worst crimes.

 

 

 

 

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